Carboplatin is designed to treat advanced ovarian cancer in adult women. It is used in combination with other chemotherapy medicines, and works by killing cancer cells as well as normal cells. On occasion, a healthcare provider may prescribe carboplatin for other, unapproved uses (off-label uses). Treating any other type of cancer, for example, is an off-label use for carboplatin.
What Is Carboplatin Used For?Carboplatin is a prescription chemotherapy medication approved to treat ovarian cancer. Specifically, it is approved for use in combination with other chemotherapy drugs, in various chemotherapy regimens, for treating advanced ovarian cancer.
It can also be used alone for palliative treatment of advanced ovarian cancer that has recurred after previous chemotherapy treatment. Palliative chemotherapy is treatment with the intention of reducing symptoms and/or extending life, not with the intention of curing the cancer.
Ovarian cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells form in the tissues of the ovaries. Women with this type of cancer have many treatment options available to them, including:
- Surgery (see Ovarian Cancer Surgery)
- Radiation therapy (see Ovarian Cancer Radiation)
- Chemotherapy (see Ovarian Cancer Chemotherapy).
Many women receive more than one type of treatment.
How Does Carboplatin Work?Carboplatin is part of a group of medications called platinum analogues. It also belongs to a larger group of chemotherapy drugs known as alkylating agents. Carboplatin kills cells (including cancer cells and normal cells) by causing abnormal linkages in DNA, the genetic material of cells. This is known as cross-linking.