Low Malignant Potential Ovarian Cancer

Treatment for Low Malignant Potential Ovarian Cancer

Different types of treatment are available for patients with low malignant potential ovarian cancer. While some treatments are standard (meaning they are the currently used treatment), others are being tested in clinical trials.
 
Choosing the most appropriate low malignant potential ovarian cancer treatment is a decision that ideally involves the patient, the family, and the healthcare team.
 
The two types of standard treatment that are used for low malignant potential ovarian cancer are:
 
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy.
 
Surgery for Low Malignant Potential Ovarian Cancer
The type of surgery that is used for low malignant potential ovarian cancer will depend on the extent of the disease and the woman's plans for having children. Surgery may include:
 
  • Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: A surgical procedure to remove one ovary and one fallopian tube.
 
  • Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: A surgical procedure to remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
 
  • Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: A surgical procedure to remove the uterus, cervix, both ovaries, and fallopian tubes. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through the vagina, the operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a large incision (cut) in the abdomen, the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a small incision in the abdomen using a laparoscope, the operation is called a total laparoscopic hysterectomy.
 
  • Partial oophorectomy: A surgical procedure to remove part of one ovary or part of both ovaries.
 
  • Omentectomy: A surgical procedure to remove the omentum (a piece of the tissue lining the abdominal wall).
 
Even if the doctor removes all low malignant potential ovarian cancer that can be seen at the time of the operation, the patient may be given chemotherapy after surgery to kill any tumor cells that may be left. Treatment given after the surgery to increase the chances of a cure is called adjuvant therapy.
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