Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Surgery for Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Most patients have surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Different types of surgery for ovarian epithelial cancer may include:
- Total hysterectomy
- Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
- Lymph node biopsy.
Radiation Therapy for Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells.
There are two types of radiation therapy:
- External radiation
- Internal radiation.
External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer.
The way the radiation therapy is given will depend on the type and stage of the cancer that is being treated.
Some women receive a treatment called intraperitoneal radiation therapy, in which radioactive liquid is put directly into the abdomen through a catheter (small, narrow tube).
Chemotherapy for Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (this is called systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the spinal column, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (this is called regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given will depend on the type and stage of the cancer that is being treated.