Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
When cancerous cells form in the tissue covering the ovary, this is called ovarian epithelial cancer. Symptoms include pain or swelling in the abdomen, pain in the pelvis, and gastrointestinal problems. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Certain factors affect ovarian epithelial treatment options and prognosis, such as the stage of the cancer, where it is located, and whether it is recurrent.
Ovarian epithelial cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in the tissue covering the ovary. The diagnosis of ovarian cancer brings with it many questions and a need for clear, understandable answers. Having this important information can make it easier for women and their families to handle the challenges they face.
Ovarian epithelial cancer is the most common type of cancer affecting the ovary. Other types of ovarian cancer include:
Women who have one first-degree relative (mother, daughter, or sister) with ovarian cancer are at an increased risk of developing the condition. This risk is higher in women who have one first-degree relative and one second-degree relative (grandmother or aunt) with ovarian cancer. This risk is even higher in women who have two or more first-degree relatives with ovarian cancer.
Some ovarian cancers are caused by inherited gene mutations (changes). The genes in cells carry the hereditary information that is received from a person's parents. Hereditary ovarian cancer makes up approximately 5 to 10 percent of all cases of ovarian cancer.
Three hereditary patterns have been identified, which include:
Tests that can detect mutated genes have been developed. These tests are sometimes done for members of families with a high risk of cancer.